Date: Sun, Sep 17, 2023
Time: 10:00-14:30 Pacific Time (PDT) — UTC-7
Duration: 3 hours (2 x 1.5 hours)
Abstract: This tutorial will introduce the audience to the emerging field of quantum computer cybersecurity, which focuses on research on how to make quantum computing systems secure. With rapid advances in quantum computer technologies, as the number of qubits increases, and the fidelity of the qubits and operations improves, these computers will be able to generate novel drugs or material compounds. Once the computers are generating or processing sensitive or valuable information, they will become a target for security attacks. Moreover, many quantum computers are already cloud-based. Remote, on-demand cloud computing-like access to quantum computers makes them especially vulnerable to security attacks as anybody with a credit card can purchase access and run almost arbitrary quantum circuits on them. Even potential “virus” circuits. First, this tutorial will introduce audience to classical computer security ideas such as threat modeling, confidentiality, integrity, and availability, information leaks, side- and covert-channel attacks. Second, this tutorial will apply classical computer security mindset to quantum computers, and demonstrate examples of security attacks prototyped on real cloud-based NISQ quantum computers available today. Third, the tutorial will present designs for securing the cloud-based NISQ quantum computers from the security attacks. Lastly, the tutorial will present challenges and opportunities to build quantum computer security from the ground up now, rather than have to patch the quantum computers later once security attacks have occurred in the wild.
Keywords: Quantum computer security, Threat modeling, Security attacks, Security defenses, Fast and secure quantum computers
Target Audience: Expected background and prerequisites of the tutorial attendees: Audience does not require computer security background. Expected background includes basic knowledge of computers, and interest in learning about cloud-based quantum computers and making them secure.
What will target audience learn: Quantum computing engineers and researchers will learn how to make more secure quantum computers and how to protect the computing machines from vulnerabilities now that many of the quantum computers are connected to the internet (e.g., IBM Quantum, Amazon Braket, Microsoft Azure).